Domain names represent words people type in the navigation bar of their browsers whenever they are trying to access specific websites. On the other hand, an IP address or Internet Protocol address is a completely unique identifying number given to every computer that’s online. So, domain names are able to identify one, two or multiple IP addresses and inform the browser about the website that you want to load. We can freely say that domain names are one of the basic features of every website. What’s important to understand is that there are a few different types of domain names and if you want to register a domain name, it’s better to learn more about them.
Top level domains – in order to make things simpler, we will explain top level domains by providing examples. For instance, yahoo.com and wikipedia.org are top level domains. It is easy to see that this type of domain name comes with one suffix after the name. Without any doubt, .com is by far the most used top level domain today. As you probably know, .com stands for commercial, but today different type of organizations and individuals use .com domains. Some other examples of top level domains include .org (organizations, typically non-profit), .net (networks), .mil (military), .edu (education), .gov (government), .biz (business), . info (information) etc. The number of top level domains has increased in the last few years as a result of the increased interest to register unique domain names.
Second level domains – we will start explaining these domains with another example. For instance, google.co.uk is a second level domain. In other words, the domain comes with two suffixes located at the end. In most cases, second level domains are used in connection with country-specific sites. While we are talking about second level domains, we should point out that they are a good option in case you are targeting visitors from specific countries or territories.
Subdomains – drive.google.com is an example of a subdomain (third level domain). Subdomains are part of larger domain names and it obviously relies on prefixes, not suffixes. When you are visiting a large website, using these subdomains will help you find what you are looking for.
Whenever you are in the process of selecting a domain name, you should take some time and do some research before you decide what type of domain name you want to use.